What is Hypersomnia?

What is Hypersomnia?

To have a balanced physical and emotional health and to steer a top quality of life, one should need a peaceful sleep.

If it is excessive, what will happen? Let’s know  about this.

 What is Hypersomnia?

           The excessive sleepiness is named Hypersomnia. Hyper means excessive amount and somnia means sleep. Sometimes 

  • Lack of sleep
  • Jet lag 
  • Having heavy meals
  • Pregnancy can cause drowsiness

            But not like that , hypersomnia is within the state of being tired all the time. Feeling abnormal daytime sleepiness or lengthened nighttime sleep.

                The term hypersomnia and hypersomnolence are wont to indicate EDS (Excessive Daytime Sleepiness).

Types of hypersomnia

 There are two conditions in hypersomnia. Those are Primary and Secondary .

Primary Hypersomnia

           Primary Hypersomnia is nothing but also childhood hypochondriasis (Illness anxiety disorder). 

  • Excessive worry
  • Tension
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability and
  • Panic may cause primary hypersomnia.

       A person with hypersomnia needs up-to 12 hours of sleep per day. Albeit they sleep 12 hours , they’ll not feel refreshed.  awaken with confusion and a foggy mind and taking naps all the time are common to them 

      Primary hypersomnia can connect with genetic disorder. 

Secondary hypersomnia 

Whereas,another condition is not a cause  for primary hypersomnia,another condition is the main cause for secondary hypersomnia.

A person with secondary hypersomnia  may experience difficulty being active during the day. It can affect their concentration and energy level. 

Causes     

 The main reasons for Secondary hypersomnia are

  • Sleep Apnea (breathlessness at night),
  • CKD (Chronic kidney disease ), 
  • Parkinsonism ,
  • Hypothyroidism,
  • Restless leg syndrome,
  • Bipolar disorder .

Symptoms 

The most common reported symptoms are 

  • An excess amount of sleep,
    •  Lack of concentration, 
    •  Lack of thinking 
    •  Lack of decision making,  
    • Less alertness, 
    • Unusual tiredness and 
  • swinging mood.

Diagnosis  and Treatment 

 Polysomnography is a sleep test to find the cause of sleep problems. After analysing the root cause, they step forward  to  give treatment for these.

  • Either  counseling or hypnotherapy will help to cure.
  • When stress is the main root cause, the patient will practice how to reduce stress 
  •  Counseling will be given to feel free.
  • In some cases, doctors will prescribe drugs like niacin to reduce anxiety.
  • If drug users have primary hypersomnia, they will recommend Dual Diagnosis Rehab.

       For secondary hypersomnia, MSLT(Multi Sleep Latency Test) will be taken, inorder to assess the sleeping time.  

Even sleep is categorised into two types.

  • REM (Rapid Eye Movement )
  • NREM (Non-Rapid Eye Movement)

             The first half of the night sleep is called sleep Inertia,in which one can feel hard to wake up. So,a personal sleep diary will help you to track your sleep. 

Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)

 Inorder to rate your sleepiness and it’s condition, an ESS test will be helpful.  Blood tests also can be taken to verify whether the hypersomnia individuals have anemia or thyroid.

Treatment 

         To get the required amount of sleep, it is must to

  • Follow an earlier bedtime and a regular sleep schedule.

[Recommended general sleeping timeline :

  •  12 to 15 hours (for babies)
  • 11 to 14 hours (for aged 1 to 3 )
  • 10 to 13 hours (for aged 3 to 5)
  •  9 to 11 hours (for aged 6 to 13)
  • 8 to 10 hours (for aged 14 to 17)
  • 7 to 8 hours (for aged 17 above)]
  • Reduce the consumption of alcohol.
  • Balancing a mental health disorder.
  • Hygienic health diet.
  • Taking prescribed stimulants, antidepressants such as Methylphenidate ,Modafinil, Fluoxetine, Citalopram, Paroxetine, Sertraline.
  • Vitamins such as B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 will keep you energetic .

Ayurvedic treatment 

   The herb Brahmi (brain tonic) Ashwangandha are the best remedies for sleeping problems.

Preparation method 

  • Take two glasses of water and one teaspoon of each powder and let it boil. 
  • When it reduces into one glass of water, off the stove 
  • Taking this tincture (kashayam) twice or at least once in a day will show you the best result.

After effects of hypersomnia 

 Hypersomnia may cause many impacts on your health . 

The notable aftereffects are

  • Diabetes 
  • Heart problems 
  • Obesity 
  • Infertility problems
  • Depression and
  • Lifestyle change too

Doctors 

You can get treatment or advice from the doctors who trained in sleep medicine   

  • Trained in Lung and Breathing, 
  • Trained in Mental Health Conditions
  • Trained in Brain Health Conditions.

Hypersomnia man in India 

A person named “Purkharam” from Nagaur is suffering from hypersomnia.

He sleeps 20 to 25 days  and runs his grocery store only 5 days in a month. 

How to get a peaceful sleep at night? 

     If you have a peaceful mind only, you will get a peaceful sleep. If you have a peaceful sleep only, you will have a healthy body. It reminds us of a famous proverb “Sound mind is a sound body “.

Here are some tips to get a peaceful sleep at night 

  • Try to avoid daytime naps. 
  • Try to stick to constant sleeping hours .
  • Do regular  exercise.
  • Don’t go to bed until you fall asleep or too early. 
  • Make your bedroom environment restful and comfortable 
  • Give relaxation to your thoughts. 
  • Be conscious of your emotions.

World record for stay awake without sleep :

     Is it possible to stay awake without sleeping? 

     Randy Gardner became a victim of this question .

    Randy Gardner is an American sets the record for not sleeping 11 days 25 minutes (264 hours).

He stayed awake for 264 hours.  He took stimulants like avocados, nuts, juice, and fruits  for an active brain. 

Conclusion 

          As of now,  15% to 30% of people are undergoing sleep problems.  4 to 6 percent of the people, notably men, are the sufferers of hypersomnia. 

To have a peaceful sleep and a joyful life follow these things. 

  • Throw your worries away, 
  • Give freedom to your goal,  
  • Give Restrictions to your thoughts.

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